BACHARACH (Bachrach; also spelled Bacherach, Bachrich), name of several families originally from bacharach on the Rhine. GOTTSCHALK OF BACHARACH is mentioned   in Frankfurt in 1391 and EPHRAIM GUMBRECHT BACHARACH in 1457. MENAHEM (Man) BACHARACH was rabbi in Worms from 1506 to 1520. Two dayyanim named Bacharach are mentioned in 15th-century Mainz. There were two branches of the family living in Frankfurt in the 16th and 17th centuries. ISRAEL and TOBIAS BEN JOSEPH SOLOMON were martyred in ruzhany on Sept. 19, 1659, following a blood libel . Tobias' descendants lived at Tiktin and include the talmudist judah b. joshua ezekiel bachrach and jacob b. moses bachrach , author of a history of the Hebrew script. The first Bacharach known in Vienna is JUDAH LOEB BEN AARON (d. 1657). His grandson JACOB found refuge in Třebíč, Moravia, in 1670 and became a leader of the community there. His descendants are found in Konice and Třešt (both in Moravia). Two Bacharachs are mentioned in a list of Nikolsburg (Mikulov) Jews of 1765. The best-known line, founded in Bohemia, is represented first by ABRAHAM SAMUEL BEN ISAAC BACHARACH (1575–1615), who was rabbi in Worms. His wife Eva (Ḥavvah; 1580–1651) had a wide knowledge of Hebrew and rabbinical literature rarely found among women in her day. She died in Sofia on her way to Ereẓ Israel. Their son was moses samson bacharach and their grandson was Jair Ḥayyim Bacharach . Common in Bohemia was the abbreviation Bacher. Others of the family in Hungary include the Hebrew poet simon bacher and his son the scholar wilhelm bacher . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: I.T. Eisenstadt and S. Wiener, Da'at Kedoshim (1897–98), 32–41, 213–4 (first pagination); Flesch, in: Zeitschrift fuer die Geschichte der Juden in der Tschechoslowakei, 2 (1931), 229–35.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BACHARACH — (Bacherach), town in the Rhine Valley, Germany. Jews were living in Bacharach in the first part of the 12th century and were engaged in moneylending. While the troops were assembling there in preparation for the Second crusade , several families… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Bacharach — Bach a*rach, Backarack Back a*rack, n. A kind of wine made at Bacharach on the Rhine. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bachărach — Bachărach, Stadt am linken Rheinufer im Kreise Goar des preußischen Regierungsbezirks Koblenz; Stärke u. Lederfabrik, Weinbau (Bacharacher Wein, guter Rheinwein), Schifffahrt, Fischerei; 1700 Ew. Dabei die alte Burg Staleck, im Rheine ein nur bei …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bacharach — Bacharach, Stadt im preuß. Regbez. Koblenz, Kreis St. Goar, links am Rhein, an der Staatsbahnlinie Mainz Koblenz, 81 m ü. M., hat eine evang. Kirche (Pfeilerbasilika aus dem 12. Jahrh.), eine kath. Kirche und die Ruinen der Wernerskirche,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bacharach — Bachārach, Stadt im preuß. Reg. Bez. Koblenz, am Rhein, (1900) 1902 E., Weinbau; dabei Ruinen der Burg Stahleck (1689 zerstört), der Wiege der Pfalzgrafen. B. bildet mit den weinreichen Tälern Manubach, Diebach und Steeg den Bezirk der sog.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bacharach — Bacharach, alte Stadt am Rhein, im preuß. Reg. Bez. Koblenz, eng gebaut, mit Mauern und Thürmen umgeben, hat 1550 E., 3 Kirchen, unter diesen eine im byzant. Styl gebaute Synagoge; vortrefflicher Weinbau. In der Nähe die Ruinen von Stahleck, dem… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Bacharach — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Bacharach — 50° 03′ 40″ N 7° 46′ 10″ E / 50.0611, 7.76944 …   Wikipédia en Français

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